Supreme Court in the case, Nikita v. Yadwinder Singh, Criminal Appeal No. 1096 of 2019, held that “even if the offence under Section 498-A was committed against an Indian women by her husband or her in-laws while she was in a different country the Indian courts have jurisdiction to entertain a complaint alleging the commission of offence under Section 498-A of Indian Penal Code”

So Section 498-A of IPC for domestic violence against women is to protect the women of the country from dowry deaths and harrasments at the hands of her husband or his relatives. At the same time the section should not be misused as a weapon against the husband or his relatives. Supreme Court in the case Onkar Nath Mishra & Ors vs State (Nct Of Delhi) & Anr on 14 December, 2007 explains the purpose of the Section and also clarifies that it should not be used as a device against the people in the matrimonial house.

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